The Spanish, British and Dutch empires were all colonial, global forces at some point in history. Although they were all driven by wealth, they had differing goals. The Spanish, Dutch and British empires all extended their political control over seas.
Led by William of Orangeindependence was declared in the Act of Abjuration.
The revolt resulted in the establishment of an de facto independent Protestant republic in the north by Treaty of Antwerpalthough Spain did not officially recognize Dutch independence until The coastal provinces of Holland and Zeeland had been important hubs of the European maritime trade network for centuries prior to Spanish rule.
Their geographical location provided convenient access to the markets of France, Scotland, Germany, England and the Baltic. In the s, Dutch ships began to trade with Brazil and the Dutch Gold Coast of Africa, towards the Indian Ocean, and the source of the lucrative spice trade.
The rivalry with Portugal, however, was not entirely economic: By attacking Portuguese overseas possessions, the Dutch forced Spain to divert financial and military resources away from its attempt to quell Dutch independence.
Inthe Compagnie van Verre "Company of Far Lands" was founded in Amsterdam, with the aim of sending two fleets to the spice islands of Maluku. The competition was counterproductive to the companies' interests as it threatened to drive up the price of spices at their source in Indonesia whilst driving them down in Europe.
The directors of the company, the "Heeren XVII", were given the legal authority to establish "fortresses and strongholds", to sign treaties, to enlist both an army and a navy, and to wage defensive war. Phillip II-Dutch conflicts[ edit ] Main articles: It was largely fought on the European continent, but war was also conducted against Phillip II's overseas territories, including Spanish colonies and the Portuguese metropoles, colonies, trading posts and forts belonging at that time to the King of Spain and Portugal.
The Netherlands became part of the domains of the 'Spanish branch' of the Habsburg dynasty when Emperor Charles V divided the holdings of the Habsburg Empire following his abdication in Inthe Dutch revolt erupted and in the Dutch Republic embarked on the long, torturous path of the Eighty Years' War also known as the Dutch War of Independence and began the invasion and looting of Spanish and, later, Portuguese colonies in the Americas and of Asia, including an attempted invasion of the Philippines then part of the Spanish East Indies.
OlindaPernambuco, Dutch Brazil Fromthe port of Lisbon in Portugal was the main European market for products from India that was attended by other nations to purchase their needs.
But as a result of Portugal's incorporation in the Iberian Union with Spain by Philip II inall Portuguese territories were thereafter Spanish Habsburg branch territory, and thus all Portuguese markets were closed to the United Provinces.
Thus, inthe Dutch decided to set sail on their own to acquire products for themselves, making use of the "secret" knowledge of the Portuguese trade routes, which Cornelis de Houtman had managed to acquire in Lisbon.
The Dutch sought to dominate the commercial sea trade in Southeast Asia, going so far in pursuit of this goal as to engage in what other nations and powers considered to be little more than piratical activities. The joining of the two crowns deprived Portugal of a separate foreign policy, with King Phillip II's enemies becoming Portugal's enemies as well.
War with the Dutch led to attacks on most of Portugal's far-flung trading network in and around Asiaincluding Ceylon modern Sri Lankaand Goaas well as attacks upon her commercial interests in JapanAfrica especially Minaand South America.
Even though the Portuguese had never been able to capture the entire island of Ceylon, they had been able to keep the coastal regions under their control for a considerable time before the coming of the Dutch in war.
In the 17th Century, the " Grand Design " of the West India Company involved attempting to corner the international trade in sugar by attacking Portuguese colonies in Brazil and Africa, seizing both the sugarcane plantations and the slave ports needed to resupply their labour.
Although weakened by the Iberian Union with Spain, whose attention was focused elsewhere, the Portuguese were able to fight off the initial assault before the Battle of Matanzas Bay provided the WIC with the funds needed for a successful operation.
Both regions were also used as bases for Dutch privateers plundering Portuguese and Spanish trade routes. The dissolution of the Iberian Union in and Maurits's recall in led to increased resistance from the Portuguese colonists who still made up a majority of the Brazilian settlers. The Dutch were finally overcome during the s but managed to receive 4 million reis 63 metric tons of gold in exchange for extinguishing their claims over Brazil in the Treaty of the Hague.
Asia[ edit ] The primary Dutch and Portuguese settlements in Asia, c. The VOC began immediately to prise away the string of coastal fortresses that, at the time, comprised the Portuguese Empire. The settlements were isolated, difficult to reinforce if attacked, and prone to being picked off one by one, but nevertheless the Dutch only enjoyed mixed success in its attempts to do so.
Meanwhile, the Dutch continued to drive out the Portuguese from their bases in Asia.
Malacca finally succumbed in after a second attempt to capture itColombo inCeylon inNagappattinam in and Cranganore and Cochin in Whilst the Dutch were unable in four attempts to capture Macau  from where Portugal monopolized the lucrative China-Japan tradethe Japanese shogunate's increasing suspicion of the intentions of the Catholic Portuguese led to their expulsion in Under the subsequent sakoku policyfrom till years the Dutch were the only European power allowed to operate in Japan, confined in to Hirado and then from at Deshima.
In the mid 17th century the Dutch also explored the western Australian coasts, naming many places. Overview of Fort Zeelandia on the island of Formosa17th century The Dutch colonised Mauritius inseveral decades after three ships out of the Dutch Second Fleet sent to the Spice Islands were blown off course in a storm and landed in The Dutch found the climate hostile and abandoned the island after several further decades.
Batavia built in what is now Jakarta, The Dutch established a colony at Tayouan present-day Anpingin the south of Taiwanan island then largely dominated by Portuguese traders and known as Formosa ; and in the Dutch took northern Formosa from the Spanish by force.
Inthe Dutch tried to take the Spanish colony in the Philippines.
Nov 21, · The British and Dutch Empire in the East Asia was built upon the foundation that the Portuguese left. You have to look at the era that each Empire took . The British, Dutch and Spanish empires were all incredibly wealthy global powers. The Spanish colonized the new world that was full of riches. In the new world, the Spanish set up the Columbian Exchange, the enormous, widespread exchange of plants, animals, foods, slaves, diseases and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres. Comparing Settlement Patterns: New Spain, New France, and British North America The Spanish, French, and English all established major colonial settlements in As in the Dutch and Spanish colonies, French sugar plantations relied heavily on the labor of .
The Dutch had a large force at their disposal but when they tried to take Manilathey were defeated at the Battles of La Naval de Manila.English, French, and Spanish Colonies: A Comparison cially in their wars against the British.
Spanish Colonies Crown-sponsored conquests gained rich-es for Spain and expanded its empire. aries were the primary Spanish . Transcript of Compare and Contrast the British, French and Spanish Empires.
Compare and Contrast the British, French and Spanish Empires in America. Spanish Empire Came over and started colonizing in the 's Explorers came over to find gold Spanish Colonies grew quickly.
A colonial empire is a collective of territories Subsequent colonial empires included the French, English, Dutch and Japanese empires. By the midth century, the Tsardom of Russia, the British Empire covered a quarter of the Earth's land area and comprised a quarter of its population.
Another similarity is that the Dutch beat both the Spanish and the British empire. As an aside I've been told that if you learn English, Spanish, Russian and Mandarin Chinese you can communicate with 80% of the worlds population. The Spanish Empire (Spanish: Imperio Español; Latin: In response, Charles invaded Germany at the head of a mixed Dutch–Spanish army, hoping to restore the Imperial authority.
the regions of those major empires, Spanish immigration increased and demand for goods rose far beyond Spain’s ability to supply it. Since Spain had little. The Spanish, British and Dutch empires were all colonial, global forces at some point in history.
Although they were all driven by wealth, they had differing goals. The Spanish, Dutch and British empires all extended their political control over seas.