This is how women address issues that particularly affect them, issues like low pay, discrimination and harassment. Women members group Promote equality for black people UNISON supports a growing network of active Black members in branches and regions across the union.
Cultural Imperialism Violence By using this model to discuss the injustice and disadvantage that disabled generally have to put up within the UK on a daily basis, we may see how social history of the past, may feed into the social interactions Describe using examples how discrimination and oppressive practice can be challenged the present.
Oppression The concept of 'oppression' used in this context, can be described as stemming from the intentional or unintentional behavior of people that reduce the potential for other's to be fully human, or to put it another way, actions and behavior that may make people feel 'less' human.
However, this isn't just about behavior that treats disabled people in a dehumanizing way, it also concerns the denial of assess to education, housing or employment, and access to other opportunities that may help the disabled to become fully human in both mind and body.
For example, if disabled people are denied access not only to opportunities due to the discriminatory practices of potential employers or landlords, but access to public spaces where they may be targeted for ridicule, abuse, harassment and violence, then they are not free to pursue their interests or plans, and may be made to feel less than 'human'.
Exploitation While Young's analysis is primarily within the Marxist tradition, the concept of exploitation may certainly be used to analyze the interactions and situations that some disabled people may come to find themselves involved in.
For example, Pam Thomas uses the term 'mate crime' to illuminate actions perpetrated against disabled people by relatives or those considered to be friends to the victim.
Marginalization Marginalization may be described as the confining or positioning of a social group of people to a lower social standing, and one that may also confine them to the edges of society itself. It is a process of exclusion that effectively positions certain groups as not only 'inferior' within society, but also makes that group largely 'invisible' within society.
Discrimination over employment may be one way in which the disabled become marginalized within society, behavior largely hidden behind closed doors and therefore we may have no real idea about the numbers of disabled people who may apply for jobs and not be selected solely because of their impairment.
Previous research indicates that such discrimination does exist, and there is no reason to believe that this situation has significantly altered within recent times. Marginalization may therefore expel whole blocks of disabled people from full participation in social life, which may not only create a situation of helplessness and powerlessness, but also a culture in which the disabled not only become 'invisible', but may be expected to be invisible and remain invisible by the able-bodied.
Marginalization may also be one way in which the disabled are 'indoctrinated' with negative images about themselves, and another way in which they become 'dehumanized' within society. To put it more simply, the medical and scientific comparison of 'body's', including appearance, ability and IQ, not only mark out physical or psychological difference, but become authoritative works that are drawn upon to medically or socially monitor and control physical or mental difference.
It is through such discourse that beliefs and assumptions are produced and disseminated throughout popular culture. As an example, Shakespeare cites the 'freak-shows' of yesteryear that portrayed disabled people as 'freaks of nature', 'animal like' or 'non-human'.
Arguably, western medical practice may also objectify and dehumanize the disabled, either intentionally or unintentionally, by the investigation, monitoring and labelling of deviations from the 'norm' of physical or mental ability. It is through such imagery and social practice that help to marginalize and exclude the disabled from mainstream life.
It is interesting to note that sports-people with a physical or mental impairment are often described in the media not purely as athletes like any other, but often as 'superhuman' athletes.
However, using 'comic book' imagery like this, may conjure up thoughts of 'heroic mutants', that may still intentionally or unintentionally mirror the 'freaks of nature' theme of yesteryear.
Cultural Imperialism Cultural Imperialism involves taking the culture of the dominant groups within society and establishing it as the norm. While the disabled make up a significant proportion of the UK population, the disabled are generally considered as being deviant from the expected norms and established standards or measures of ability that are set in place via scientific and medical discourse.
These norms and expectations of 'ability' feed into all walks of life, and are displayed daily within our interactions with others. However, such norms and expectations of ability, create hierarchies of superiority and inferiority that can have disastrous consequences for anybody considered to have a physical or mental impairment.
We only have to look throughout history to see the dangers of taking such thoughts of 'normality' and 'deviancy' to an extreme - from the segregation of mental impairment or illness into residential institutions, and the rise of the 'Eugenics' movement, both within the early twentieth century.
Another form of this extremism and one conducted at the 'micro' level of human interaction is violence. Violence Violence is probably the most obvious and visible form of oppression. Many disabled people live with the knowledge and fear of random, unprovoked attacks on their person or property.
These attacks do not necessarily need a motive stemming from negative 'attitudes', but are 'behaviors' intended to humiliate, damage and in some cases, destroy the person.
There may be many reasons why violence is used against disabled people. Certainly, beliefs, opinions and values may play some role within such actions, but it is far too simplistic to say that holding negative attitudes towards disability is the sole cause.
Not everybody holding negative attitudes towards race, sexuality, religion or gender is motivated to actually commit acts of violence towards those social groups, and there is no reason to believe why this should be any different concerning disability.
However, as we have seen with the killing of Solder Lee Rigby by Islamic extremists in Londonwhich is thought to have provoked a huge surge of anti-Muslim 'hate crime', such horrific events may indeed give some individuals an excuse to act out negative beliefs and attitudes that they may hold.
Similarly, political rhetoric and negative media reporting of 'disability benefit fraud' are thought to have contributed to a rise in 'hate crime' committed towards people with a perceived disability.
Therefore, holding negative attitudes towards religion or disability may certainly contribute to the conditions that motivate abuse or violence, when triggered by an event of some kind.
However, discrimination, prejudice and violence towards both social groups stretch back a lot further than public concern over Islamic extremism or benefit fraud. This is the question my current research is designed to answer, and there is a strong initial indication that my research may do so. At the very least it should move academic thinking along considerably, and is therefore important to carry this project through to the finish.Examples include prejudice, xenophobia, internalized oppression and privilege, and beliefs about race influenced by the dominant culture.
Institutional Racism an event, an idea, or a thing. An action based on prejudgment is discrimination.
A negative prejudgment is often called a stereotype. An action based on a stereotype is. Dec 27, · Discrimination may even be your reality for upcoming several years. However, if you can use each time you discriminated against as a learning opportunity, then you're on . This promotes anti- discrimination practice because it makes sure doctors give year olds information about memory services and refers them for assessment if they need it so peoples needs will be met and people will get right treatment.
Students will be able to describe and assess how discrimination and oppression impact the lives of people of color and other marginal populations in the United States. (Competency 4-A). see more:describe how agreed ways of working relate to the rights of an individual with dementia Anti-oppressive practise is challenging all forms of discrimination e.g.
If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the Faculty Development website.