It shows the Madonna, seated on a high pedestal and clothed in beautiful robes, holding the baby Jesus on her lap. To the left of the picture are four angels crowded around the Madonna, looking admiringly on Christ. On the right are a row of marble columns and the disproportionally small figure of St. Originally, this painting was commissioned by the noblewoman Elena Baiardi for her family chapel in the church of Santa Maria dei Servi in Parma.
See Article History Madonna, in Christian art, depiction of the Virgin Mary ; the term is usually restricted to those representations that are devotional rather than narrative and that show her in a nonhistorical context and emphasize later doctrinal or sentimental significance.
The Madonna is accompanied most often by the infant Christbut there are several important types that show her alone. The theme of the Madonna and Child was rare in the first centuries of early Christian art c. Thereafter, to emphasize this concept, an enthroned Madonna and Child were given a prominent place in monumental church decoration.
Byzantine art developed a great number of Madonna types. All are illustrated on icons, and one or another type was usually pictured prominently on the eastern wall of Byzantine churches below the image of Christ; the location dramatized her role as mediator between Christ and the congregation.
John the Baptist appear as intercessors on either side of Christ. In addition to these rather ceremonial types, the Virgin also appears in the less-frequently represented, more intimate types of the galaktotrophousa, in which she nurses the Child, and the glykophilousa, in which the Child caresses her cheek while she seems sadly to contemplate his coming Passion.
As a rule, Western types of the Madonna sought to inspire piety through the beauty and tenderness rather than the theological significance of the subject.
More personal depictions of the figures began to emerge in the 14th century. By far the most popular type in the West throughout the Renaissance and into the Baroque period was that derived from the glykophilousa. Though this type has many variants, it usually depicts a Virgin of grave expression, turning her gaze away from the playful Child.
Photograph by Joel Parham. As the Madonna of mercy, which flourished in the 15th century, the Virgin spreads her mantle protectively over a group of the faithful.
The immacolata, which in the 17th century emphasized her Immaculate Conceptionor perpetual freedom from original sinshows her as a young girl descending from the heavens, supported by a crescent moon and crowned by stars.
The Madonna of the rosarywhich until the 16th century also omitted the Child, shows the Virgin giving the rosary to St. Dominic, founder of the order that spread its use. As did most religious art, the theme of the Madonna suffered a decline in the major arts after the 17th century. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Raphael’s Madonna in the Meadow Raphael, Madonna in the Meadow, , oil on wood The painting of the Madonna in the Meadow (also called the Madonna Belvedere) was executed by a twenty-something Raphael while in Florence.
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Presentation. Today’s migration makes up the vastest movement of people of all times. In these last decades, the phenomenon, now involving about two hundred million individuals, has turned into a structural reality of contemporary society. Madonna with the Long Neck Parmigianino The painting is also known as Madonna and Child with Angels and St Jerome but earned the name Madonna with the Long Neck because of the curious length of the Madonna's swan-like neck.
Work The Madonna and Child in Majesty Surrounded by Angels. Department of Paintings: Italian painting Technical description. Cenni di Pepe, dit CIMABUE (Connu à Rome, Pise, Assise et Florence de à ) La Vierge et l'Enfant en majesté entourés de six anges (Maest.
The Madonna and Child type is very prevalent in Christian iconography, While the range of religious subject matter included subjects from the Old Testament and images of saints whose cults date after the codification of the Bible, the Madonna remained a dominant subject .